17 Most Famous Festivals of India.

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 FAMOUS FESTIVALS OF  INDIA

ALL PEOPLE CELEBRATE THE FESTIVALS IN THEIR OWN RELIGION. CAN YOU NAME ANY FESTIVALS?

HOW DO YOU CELEBRATE YOUR FESTIVALS? HERE, WE TALK ABOUT FESTIVALS OF INDIA.

THERE ARE MANY FESTIVALS OF INDIA WHICH INAIDAN CELEBRATES WITH THIER OWN VALUES.

INDIA IS A LAND OF FESTIVALS. PEOPLE OF ALL RELIGIONS LIVE IN INDIA. THEREFORE, ALL FESTIVALS ARE CELEBRATED IN INDIA. PERHAPS, INDIA HAS LARGEST NUMBER OF FESTIVALS. 

HOW INDIAN  CELEBRATES FESTIVALS OF INDIA?

FESTIVAL IS A PERIOD OF CELEBRATION. THE DAY WHICH IS IMPORTANT IN OUR LIFE THAT WE CELEBRATE. THE DAY OF FESTIVAL IS A SPECIAL DAY. WE CELEBRATE ALL FESTIVALS –
  •  PEOPLE PREPARE FOR THE FESTIVALS. 
  •  PEOPLE GREET ONE ANOTHER. 
  • THEY EXCHANGE GOOD WISHES, GIFTS, AND SWEETS.
  •  CHILDREN LOVE TO WEAR NEW CLOTHES ON THIS DAY.
  •  MOST OF THE FESTIVALS ARE HOLIDAYS.

DO ALL PEOPLE CELEBRATE ALL THE FESTIVALS of India? 

INDIA IS A BIG COUNTRY. DIFFERENT PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT CASTES AND RELIGIONS LIVE HERE.
THEY MAY HAVE THEIR OWN FESTIVALS. BUT SOME FESTIVALS ARE SUCH THAT ALL PEOPLE CELEBRATE THEM TOGETHER.
FESTIVALS BRINGS HAPPINESS AND UNITY.

IN HOW MANY CATEGORY THE FESTIVALS ARE GROUPED?

THE FESTIVALS MAY BE CATEGORISED IN THREE GROUPS AS :
  1. NATIONAL FESTIVALS
  2. RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS
  3. HARVEST FESTIVALS

NATIONAL FESTIVALS OF INDIA

WHICH FESTIVALS ARE TREATED AS NATIONAL FESTIVALS?

THESE ARE THE FESTIVALS WHICH ARE CELEBRATED ALL OVER THE COUNTRY AND ARE IMPORTANT FOR THE NATION. THE GOVERNMENT ALSO CELEBRATE THESE FESTIVALS.
THERE ARE THREE NATIONAL FESTIVALS IN OUR COUNTRY. THESE ARE:
  • THE INDEPENDENCE DAY

WHY THIS FESTIVAL IS VERY IMPORTANT TO THE NATION? 

  • THE INDEPENDENCE DAY FALLS ON AUGUST 15.
  •  INDIA BECAME INDEPENDENT ON 15TH AUGUST,1947.
  •  SINCE THEN 15TH AUGUST IS CELEBRATED AS INDEPENDENCE DAY.

HOW DO INDIAN CELEBRATE THE INDEPENDENCE DAY? WHAT IS THE MAIN FUNCTION ON THIS DAY HELD?

  •  THIS FESTIVAL IS ALSO CELEBRATED OFFICIALLY AT DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS, STATE CAPITAL, AND NATIONAL CAPITAL. 
  • THE MAIN FUNCTION IS HELD AT THE RED FORT IN DELHI. 
  • THE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA HOISTS THE NATIONAL FLAG AND ADDRESSES THE NATION FROM THE RED FORT.
  • HE ALSO GOES TO THE AMAR JAWAN JYOTI TO PAY HOMAGE TO THE UNKNOWN SOLDIERS WHO DIED IN 1971 INDO-PAK WAR.
LIKE THIS WE CELEBRATE THIS FESTIVALS OF INDIA.
festivals of india
  • THE REPUBLIC DAY- THE FESTIVAL OF INDIA

WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS REPUBLIC DAY? HOW DO ALL CELEBRATE THIS DAY?

  • THIS FESTIVAL FALLS ON JANUARY 26.
  • INDIA BECAME REPUBLIC ON 26TH JANUARY, 1950.
  • THEREFORE THE GOVERNMENT DECLARED IT A NATIONAL FESTIVAL.
  • IT IS CELEBRATED ON 26TH JANUARY EVERY YEAR.
  • IT IS OFFICIALLY CELEBRATED AT THE DISTRICT LEVEL, STATE LEVEL, AND THE NATIONAL LEVEL.
  • THE MAIN FUNCTION IS HELD AT RAJPATH IN NEW DELHI.
  • THE MAIN FUNCTION ATTRACTION IS THE GRAND PARADE. 
  • THE PRESIDENT TAKES THE SALUTE.
  • THE ARMED FORCES, POLICE, FOLK DANCERS, NCC CADETS, AND SCHOOL CHILDREN TAKE PART IN IT.
  • BEAUTIFUL TABLEAUX OR JHANKIS FROM DIFFERENT STATES AND DIFFERENT DEPARTMENT ARE THE MAJOR ATTRACTIONS OF THE FUNCTION. 

LOOK AT BELOW PICTURE:

festivals of india
  • GANDHI JAYANTI

ON WHICH DAY THE  GANDHI JAYANTI IS HELD? WHAT IS VERY SPECIAL ON THIS DAY?

  • OCTOBER 2, 1869 WHICH IS MAHATMA GANDHI’S BIRTHDAY IS CELEBRATED AS A NATIONAL FESTIVAL.
  • MAHATMA GANDHI UNITED PEOPLE ACROSS THE COUNTRY AND INSPIRED THEM TO FIGHT FOR FREEDOM WITHOUT PULLING ARMS.
  • HE IS CALLED BAPU AND RASHTRAPITA ( FATHER OF THE NATION).
  • HIS SAMADHI IS CALLED RAJGHAT WHERE THE MAIN FUNCTION IS HELD.
  • THE PRESIDENT AND THE PRIME MINISTER PAY THEIR HOMAGE AT HIS SAMADHI.
  • PRAYERS ARE ALSO HELD ALL OVER THE COUNTRY ON THIS DAY.
festivals of india

RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS OF INDIA.

WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS?

THESE FESTIVALS ARE RELATED TO RELIGIONS. HOLI, DIWALI, AND DUSSEHRA ARE THE MAIN HINDU FESTIVALS. 
GURUPURAB IS A SIKH FESTIVALS.
EID-UL-FITR AND EID-UL-ZUHA ARE THE MAIN MUSLIM FESTIVALS.
CHRISTMAS IS THE MAIN FESTIVAL OF CHRISTIANS.
  • HOLI

HOLI IS THE FESTIVAL OF COLOURS.
IT IS CELEBRATED IN THE MONTH OF MARCH MOSTLY IN  NORTH-INDIA.
 
festivals of india
  • DIWALI

DIWALI IS THE FESTIVAL OF LIGHTS. 
ON THIS DAY LORD RAMA RETURNED TO AYODHYA, HIS HOME, AFTER FOURTEEN YEARS OF EXILE. 
festivals of india

HOW DO INDIAN CELEBRATE THIS FESTIVAL?

  • GODDESS LAKSHMI IS WORSHIPPED ON THIS DAY.
  • PATTERNS ON FLOOR CALLED RANGOLIS ARE MADE.
  • PEOPLE EXCHANGE SWEETS AND GIFTS. 
  • CHILDREN ENJOY BURSTING CRACKERS.
  • DUSSEHRA

DUSSEHRA IS ALSO CALLED VIJAY DASHMI. 
WHAT IS THE SPECIALITY OF DUSSEHRA?
  • ON THIS DAY, LORD RAMA KILLED THE DEMON KING RAVANA.
  •  IT GIVES MESSAGE OF THE VICTORY OF GOOD OVER EVIL.
  • THE EFFIGIES OF RAVANA, KUMBHKARNA, AND MEGHNAD ARE BURNT ON THIS DAY.
  • IN WEST BENGAL, THIS FESTIVAL IS CELEBRATED AS DURGA PUJA WHERE PEOPLE WORSHIP GODDESS DURGA.
festivals of india
  • BASANT PANCHAMI

IT MARKS THE BEGINNING OF SPRING. 

ON THIS DAY, PEOPLE WORSHIP’ SARASWATI’ – THE GODDESS OF LEARNING.
festivals of india
  • RAKSHA BANDHAN- THE FESTIVALS OF INDIA

ON THIS DAY, SISTERS TIE RAKHI ON THEIR BROTHERS WRIST AND PRAY FOR THEIR WELFARE. 

BROTHERS IN RETURN PLEDGE TO PROTECT AND TAKE CARE OF THEM.
festivals of india
  • GANESH CHATURTHI

WHAT IS GANESH CHATURTHI?

IT IS THE BIRTHDAY OF LORD GANESHA OR GANPATI. THIS IS AN IMPORTANT FESTIVAL OF MAHARASHTRA. 
IN MAHARASHTRA IT IS CELEBRATED FOR 10 DAYS BY ESTABLISHING THE IDEOL OF GANPATI. AND AT THE LAST DAY THEY DISSOLVED THE IDEOL INTO THE WATER.
festivals of india
  • GURUPURAB

WHAT IS THE MAIN REASON BEHIND THIS GURUPURAB?

THE FESTIVAL MARKS THE BIRTHDAY OF TEN SIKH GURUS. 

MOST IMPORTANT IS GURUNANAK’S BIRTHDAY.
VARIOUS PROGRAMMES ARE HELD AT GURUDWARAS.
GURU GRANTH SAHIB IS THE HOLY BOOK OF THE SIKHS.
THE MAIN FUNCTION IS HELD IN THE GOLDEN TEMPLE AT AMRITSAR. 
  • EID

HOW DOES MUSLIMS CELEBRATE THE EID?

EID-UL-FITR AND EID-UL-ZUHA ARE THE MAIN FESTIVALS OF THE MUSLIMS.

THIS IS ALSO FESTIVALS OF INDIA.

PEOPLE DRESSED IN NEW CLOTHES, GO TO MOSQUES OR IDGAH TO PRAY.

ON EID-UL-FITR, SWAIN, A SPECIAL DISH, IS PREPARED. 
PEOPLE WISH ‘EID MUBARAK’ TO ONE ANOTHER.
festivals of india
  • CHRISTMAS

HOW DO WE CELEBRATE CHRISTMAS?

CHRISTMAS IS ALSO ONE OF THE  FESTIVAL OF INDIA.
IT IS THE BIRTHDAY OF JESUS CHRIST. 
IT IS CELEBRATED ON 25TH DECEMBER ALL OVER THE WORLD. PRAYERS ARE HELD IN CHURCHES.
GIFTS ARE EXCHANGED AND CHRISTMAS TREES ARE DECORATED.
IT IS BELIEVED THAT SANTA CLAUS PRESENTS GIFTS TO CHILDREN.
festivals of india

HARVEST FESTIVALS OF INDIA

  • PONGAL

HOW THE PONGAL IS CELEBRATED IN TAMIL NADU?

festivals of india
PONGAL IS CELEBRATED IN TAMIL NADU FOR THREE DAYS.
COWS ARE FED WITH PONGAL RICE.
THE SUN GOD IS WORSHIPPED ON THIS DAY.
PONGAL RICE IS PREPARED BY COOKING RICE IN MILK WITH JAGGERY.
  • ONAM

WHAT ARE THE MAIN FEATURES OF ONAM?

festivals of india
ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS FESTIVALS OF INDIA. ONAM IS CELEBRATED IN KERALA.
WEARING OF NEW CLOTHES, HAVING A SPECIAL MEAL ON BANANA LEAVES AND ENJOYING BOAT RACES ARE THE MAIN FEATURES OF THIS FESTIVALS.
 

BAISAKHI

BAISAKHI IS THE HARVEST FESTIVAL OF PUNJAB, IT IS CELEBRATED IN THE MONTH OF APRIL.

festivals of india

BIHU

FESTIVAL OF INDIA. BIHU IS THE STATE FESTIVAL OF ASSAM. IT IS ASSOCIATED WITH FARMING. FOLK SONGS AND BIHU DANCES MARK THE FESTIVAL. THERE ARE THREE BIHU FESTIVALS IN A YEAR COINCIDING WITH THREE FARMING PHASES I.E. SOWING, SAPLING, AND HARVESTING.

festivals of india

IMPORTANT BIRTHDAYS – FESTIVALS OF INDIA

  1. 14TH NOVEMBER IS THE BIRTHDAY OF PT. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU. IT IS CELEBRATED AS CHILDREN’S DAY. HE IS THE FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA.
  2. 5TH SEPTEMBER IS THE BIRTHDAY OF DR.S.RADHAKRISHNAN. IT IS CELEBRATED AS MAHAVIR JAYANTI.
  3. BIRTHDAY OF LORD MAHAVIRA IS CELEBRATED AS MAHAVIR JAYANTI.
  4. BIRTHDAY OF LORD BUDDHA IS CELEBRATED AS BUDDH PURNIMA.
  5. BIRTHDAY OF GURU NANAK DEV IS CELEBRATED AS GURUPURAB.
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